Dayspa

JUL 2019

DAYSPA is the business resource for spa & wellness professionals! Each issue covers the latest in skin care, spa treatments, wellness services and management strategies.

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Slay Your Stress Breakouts tend to be the biggest concern for chronically stressed spa-goers. "Stress induces the adrenal glands to produce cortisol, a steroid that causes the sebaceous glands to release more oil," says Renée Rouleau, Austin-based esthetician and founder of Renée Rouleau Skin Care. "During these times, people experience an increase in acne— usually more infl amed, pus-fi lled papules rather than whiteheads or blackheads." More anxious clients may also struggle with eczema, hyperpigmentation and rosacea. To help them squelch stress outside of the spa, encourage guests to channel their energy into activities such as yoga, Pilates or meditation, suggests Aliesh Pierce, licensed esthetician and director of education for online skincare coaching platform askaliesh.com. "When we work on our breath and do calming exercises, we tap into our parasympathetic nervous system—the part of the autonomic nervous system that's associated with rest and relaxation," she explains. A clearer complexion naturally follows from this calmer state of mind. Watch What You Eat Everyone knows that diet and health are connected, but what your guests may not realize is that consistently poor eating and drinking habits, as well as vitamin defi ciencies, can exacerbate acne, dullness, hyperpigmentation and infl ammation. Pierce warns that too many sweets in particular can result in glycation, a process in which sugar attaches to other molecules in the skin and contributes to premature aging. Similarly, drinking alcohol leads to a dry, puffy, compromised complexion. "Alcohol infl ames the tissue and causes a histamine response," explains Rouleau. "The blood vessels in the face can become enlarged, and then they constrict, creating a back-and-forth movement that results in broken capillaries and a loss of elasticity." Meanwhile, consuming too much caffeine can leave skin dehydrated and dull looking, and dairy can trigger an increase in sebum production, leading to clogged pores and breakouts. Remind clients that they can (and should!) feed their skin. Vitamin-rich produce—such as citrus, berries and leafy greens— is especially good for defending against sun damage; healthy fats like those found in olives, nuts, avocadoes and salmon minimize dehydration; lean protein (fi sh and chicken) helps encourage collagen and elastin production; and drinking plenty of water (at least 9 cups a day for women and 13 for men, according to the Mayo Clinic) will offset sensitivity and signs of aging. And of course, suggest they cut back on the sugar if necessary. Get Defensive According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), an estimated one in fi ve Americans will develop skin cancer in their lifetime. Despite the shocking statistic, many individuals fail to apply SPF daily. "A lot of people only use sun protection when they're at the beach or poolside," says Dr. Mudgil. But the unfortunate reality is that UV rays always pose risks, rain or shine—and, as if the prospect of melanoma isn't enough, regular sun exposure can cause redness and premature signs of aging. "UV rays break down collagen, resulting in wrinkles and sun spots," warns Dr. Mudgil. As a skincare professional, you must insist that clients apply SPF daily (ideally 30 or higher), suggest they stay out of the sun during its peak hours (10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.), and instruct them to avoid tanning beds at all costs. Clear the Air Whether it's secondhand (think: diesel exhaust) or self-infl icted (read: smoking), environmental toxins of any kind can irritate the skin, resulting in clogged pores, dullness and wrinkles. Much like the rest of the body, the complexion requires some oxygen for proper cell function. "Typically, your skin absorbs less than 10 percent of oxygen from the air, but in a polluted environment it retains even less," explains Pierce. "High levels of pollution and smog can generate free radicals, which attack all areas of our cells, deform DNA, destroy the moisture barrier, and can lead to acne and redness," adds Rouleau. So for starters, advise anybody who smokes to kick the habit. Unfortunately, escaping other © GETTY IMAGES CLEAR CHOICES A CLEARER COMPLEXION NATURALLY FOLLOWS FROM A CALMER STATE OF MIND. 48 @dayspamagazine • July 2019

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